Shin-Shin Hua

Associate Fellow


Shin-Shin Hua is an Associate Fellow at the Leverhulme Centre for the Future of Intelligence.

She is a competition lawyer, policymaker and academic with a focus on emerging technologies and AI. Her current academic research looks at how law and regulation, specifically competition law, affects the strategic landscape for AI risk.  She has published papers on tensions between antitrust law and cooperative AI development, the concept of ‘meaningful human control’ in lethal autonomous weapons, mapping potential effectiveness of regulation under different future AI development trajectories, and the regulatory implications of the compute supply chain as an input to AI.

She is currently Assistant Director at the UK’s Digital Markets Unit (part of the UK’s competition regulator), where she is setting up a new regulatory regime to address the market power of Big Tech. Most recently, she was a competition lawyer at BT, the UK’s largest telecoms company. Formerly, she was a lawyer at Cleary Gottlieb, a leading global law firm. She is an experienced legal practitioner, representing some of the world’s largest TMT companies (including Google, NVIDIA, Samsung, Sony and Disney) before the European Commission and other global competition regulators. Currently, she is also a Research Affiliate at the Centre for the Study of Existential Risk, University of Cambridge.

Shin-Shin holds a B.A. in Law from the University of Cambridge and an Advanced Masters in Public International Law from Leiden University, Netherlands.

Links to papers:

AI & Antitrust: Reconciling Tensions Between Competition Law and Cooperative AI Development | Yale Journal of Law & Technology (

Machine Learning Weapons and International Humanitarian Law: Rethinking Meaningful Human Control (

Effective Enforceability of EU Competition Law Under Different AI Development Scenarios – Verfassungsblog

Compute and Antitrust – Verfassungsblog

Back to people

Shin-Shin Hua